What’s DeFi and why is it crucial in today’s economy?

In November 2021, the highest value locked in DeFi reached $178 billion. Reminder: DeFi is here to break financial barriers.

  • DeFi addresses the issue of 1.4 billion unbanked individuals globally, offering fast and affordable financial services via smartphones, regardless of location or wealth. 
  • Financial sovereignty gives users control over their assets and the ability to earn from them without intermediaries or data-sharing.
  • Cross-chain exchanges like THORChain and Maya Protocol enhance DeFi's interoperability and usability.

In a world where traditional finance is transforming, Decentralized Finance, also known as DeFi, stands at the forefront, offering a glimpse into a more inclusive and equitable financial landscape. It empowers individuals, levels the playing field, and invites everyone to join the global economy. 

So, why does DeFi matter? Because it has the power to change and redefine finance as we know it. In this article we are going to dive into what it is and its advantages to our economy. 

The Traditional Financial System vs. DeFi

Traditional Finance

In traditional finance, think of banks, stock exchanges, and insurance companies as the central players. They control and regulate the flow of money. When you want to borrow money, save for the future, or invest, you typically go through these intermediaries. However, they often charge fees, have complex processes, and can exclude people without significant wealth or credit history.

DeFi Revolution

DeFi has emerged as a game-changer. DeFi brings financial services to the masses, offering inclusivity, innovation, and opportunities like never before. It operates on blockchain technology, which is like a secure digital ledger. In November 2021, the highest value locked in DeFi reached $178 billion. This shows the rapid growth and potential of these services. 

In the DeFi world, there's no central authority. Instead, financial services are managed by computer programs known as smart contracts. These smart contracts are open source, which means anyone can examine and verify how they work.

With DeFi, you can lend, trade, and earn interest directly from your smartphone or computer. You're not relying on a bank or a stock exchange; instead, you're interacting with code that's transparent and accessible to everyone. This accessibility is crucial because it breaks down the barriers that traditionally limit access to financial services based on factors like where you live or how much money you have.

Furthermore, DeFi introduces financial sovereignty, granting individuals unparalleled control over their assets. Users can not only manage their virtual assets but also earn from them, all without sharing confidential data with third parties or relying on intermediaries.

Financial Inclusion

Around the world, many people don't have access to basic financial services. This includes things like a bank account, a way to save money or a safe way to borrow money when they need it. Without these services, it's challenging to escape poverty or build financial security. An estimated 1.4 billion people of the global population remain unbanked, highlighting the need for solutions like DeFi to bridge this financial gap.

DeFi addresses this problem head-on. Imagine a farmer in a remote village who wants to borrow money to buy seeds for planting. With DeFi, they can use their smartphone to access a lending platform, usesome of their assets as collateral (like digital currency), and instantly get a loan. This process is fast, affordable, and doesn't rely on the presence of a physical bank nearby.

Furthermore, DeFi can provide financial services to people in regions where traditional banks may not operate or be accessible. It doesn't matter if you're in a big city or a rural area, as long as you have an internet connection, you can participate in DeFi and access the global financial system.

DeFi use cases

Lending and Borrowing

Within the realm of DeFi, users can engage in lending and borrowing cryptocurrencies without the involvement of a central intermediary, such as a traditional bank. This offers the advantage of lower interest rates compared to conventional lending methods while also streamlining the process for faster and more accessible transactions.


DeFi exchanges provide a platform for cryptocurrency trading without reliance on centralized intermediaries. This translates to cost-effective and efficient trading, along with enhanced user privacy, setting them apart from traditional exchanges.


Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies pegged to fiat currencies, such as the US dollar. This pegging ensures  lower volatility compared to other cryptocurrencies, making stablecoins a reliable store of value. Therefore, stablecoins play a very important role when it comes to remittances. With their stability, users can transfer value across borders more efficiently and affordably, reducing the high fees associated with traditional cross-border transactions. 

Synthetic Assets

Synthetic assets are tokens mirroring the real-world assets' price, including stocks, commodities, and currencies. DeFi enables users to trade these assets without direct ownership, expanding their trading possibilities.

Risk Analysis & Prevention

Decentralization and transparency in DeFi enable individuals to access and analyze data silos. This empowers users to make informed decisions, uncover innovative economic opportunities, and implement robust risk management strategies; revolutionizing risk assessment and prevention within the DeFi space.


DeFi platforms empower users to secure their assets against risks like theft or loss, all at a lower cost and with enhanced efficiency compared to conventional insurance options.

Prediction Markets

In DeFi, prediction markets allow users to bet on events such as elections or sports outcomes. These markets operate cost-effectively, efficiently, and with enhanced anonymity compared to traditional counterparts.

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO)

In the DeFi ecosystem, DAOs take the lead in governance, funding generation, and resource management, all in a decentralized manner. They operate independently, devoid of central agency control, and serve as a cornerstone of DeFi development.

Successful examples of DeFi

  • THORChain stands as a decentralized cross-chain exchange, offering users the remarkable ability to swap cryptocurrencies devoid of reliance on centralized exchanges. Within the cross-chain exchange domain, THORChain has emerged as a notable frontrunner. 
  • Maya Protocol is a cross-chain decentralized protocol, forked from THORChain, where users can seamlessly transact across various blockchain networks. Although still in its early phases, Maya carries the potential to reshape the DeFi arena fundamentally. Its mission is to simplify user interactions with diverse blockchains, integrate new functionalities like Liquidity Nodes, Savers and more! 
  • THORWallet, a non-custodial solution, offers users the ability to securely store, send, and receive cryptocurrencies across a multitude of blockchain networks. Particularly renowned within the THORChain ecosystem, THORWallet has garnered widespread popularity. Remarkably, it boasts a substantial user base, exceeding.
  • Dash is a cryptocurrency that places a strong emphasis on both privacy and user-friendliness. Remarkably, it ranks among the most widely adopted cryptocurrencies globally, boasting a user base exceeding 7 million individuals. Dash has found its niche within various DeFi applications, serving as a versatile tool for lending, borrowing, and facilitating seamless payments within the Decentralized Finance ecosystem.

Challenges and Concerns

Security Risks

While DeFi offers exciting opportunities, it's essential to be aware of the potential risks. Since DeFi platforms are built on code, they can be vulnerable to bugs and security vulnerabilities. There have been hacks and smart contract exploits that resulted in significant losses. Therefore, users must take precautions, such as using trusted wallets and platforms and educating themselves about best security practices.

Regulatory Uncertainty

The world of DeFi is evolving rapidly, and regulators are still trying to catch up. This means that the regulatory environment is uncertain and may change over time. Some governments have concerns about DeFi's potential for money laundering or fraud, while others are exploring ways to embrace and regulate it. 

As a result, users and projects in the DeFi space should stay informed about the regulatory landscape in their respective regions and be prepared to adapt to potential changes in the future. By addressing these challenges, individuals can safely and confidently participate in DeFi while advocating for responsible innovation and regulation within the industry.

Remember that DeFi can be volatile. Never invest more than you can afford to lose and consider diversifying your investments. DeFi is not just about disrupting finance; it's about democratizing it. 

By removing barriers and providing financial services to the underserved, DeFi has the potential to reshape the way we interact with money. While it's not without challenges, it's a promising step towards a more inclusive and accessible financial future for all.

Start your DeFi journey!

Your journey into the world of Decentralized Finance starts here! Explore our comprehensive GitBook documentation to learn more about our project. Join the conversation, ask questions, and connect with fellow enthusiasts on our Discord channel.